Although the term has a long history (in Classical Greece it is referred to a brand placed on outcast groups), it entered sociology mainly through the work of Erving Goffman (Stigma, 1960). It is a formal concept which captures a relationship of devaluation rather than a fixed attribute. Goffman classifies stigmas into three types-bodily, moral, and tribal-and analyses the ways in which they affect and effect human interactions.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Stigma — (plural: stigmata) may refer to:In biology:* Stigma (anatomy), a small spot, mark, scar, or minute hole * In a flower , the stigma is the terminal portion of the gynoecium that has no epidermis and is meant to receive pollen. * The eyespot… …   Wikipedia

  • stigmă — STÍGMĂ, stigme, sf. (biol.) Organit fotosensibil al flagelatelor, în formă de pată roşie lângă corpusculul bazal, care serveşte la orientarea (orienta) animalului spre lumina cea mai potrivită. – Din lat., fr. stigma. Trimis de claudia,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Stigma — Sn Mal, entehrendes Kennzeichen per. Wortschatz fach. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus gr. stígma, eigentlich Stich, Punkt , zu gr. stízein stechen, einstechen . Verb: stigmatisieren.    Ebenso nndl. stigma, ne. stigma, nfrz. stigmate, nschw.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • stigma — stigma, brand, blot, stain can denote a mark of shame left on a name, reputation, or character. Stigma, though often implying dishonor or public shame, usually applies to a mark or a charge or judgment that is fastened upon a person or thing or… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Stigma — Stig ma, n.; pl. E. {Stigmas}, L. {Stigmata}. [L., a mark, a brand, from Gr. ?, ?, the prick or mark of a pointed instrument, a spot, mark, from ? to prick, to brand. See {Stick}, v. t.] 1. A mark made with a burning iron; a brand. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stigma — ● stigma nom masculin (grec stigma, piqûre) Corpuscule imprégné de carotène situé à la base du flagelle chez certains protistes, probablement sensible à la lumière. stigma [stigma] n. m. ÉTYM. 1964; mot grec, « piqûre ». ❖ ♦ Biol. Élément… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • stigma — / stigma/ (o stimma) s.m. [dal lat. stigma ătis marchio, macchia, punto, puntura , gr. stígma atos ] (pl. i ). 1. (zool.) [ciascuna delle aperture laterali del corpo degli insetti, mediante le quali avviene la respirazione] ▶◀ spiracolo. 2. a.… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Stigma — statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. eve spot; stigma vok. Augenfleck, m; Stigma, m rus. стигма, f pranc. stigma, m; tache colorée, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • stigma — 1590s, mark made on skin by burning with a hot iron, from L. stigma (pl. stigmata), from Gk. stigma (gen. stigmatos) mark, puncture, especially one made by a pointed instrument, from root of stizein to mark, tattoo, from PIE *st(e)ig (see STICK… …   Etymology dictionary

  • stigma — stȉgma ž <G mn stȋgmā> DEFINICIJA 1. pov. a. žig utisnut užarenim željezom na tijelo roba ili zločinca b. pren. znak sramote i beščašća 2. term. neka upadljiva anatomska ili fiziološka pojedinost 3. bot. dio cvijeta: njuška tučka što… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Stigma — (grch.), Stich, Punkt, Wundmal; bei den alten Römern das Verbrechern und entlaufenen Sklaven eingebrannte Zeichen; in der Zoologie Bezeichnung für die Eingangslöcher der Atmungsorgane der Insekten. Stigmatisieren, mit einem Stigma versehen,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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